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Winter is not the best season to grab your reel and catch some fish. People during winter becomes extremely lazy and just wants to sleep until the season passes, it is the same with the fishes. These creatures have certain behaviors that anglers should be mindful of to have a successful fishing spree.

 

The Fish Behavior

You have to understand certain mechanisms to equip you in a successful fishing journey. Factors such as the weather, air pressure, and water condition can afect a fish’s behavior. Different species of fishes reacts differently to certain kinds of weather and water condition.

 

Barometric Pressure

Barometric pressure (also known as atmospheric pressure) is the force exerted by the Earth’s atmosphere at given point. It is known as the “weight of the air”. Many anglers believe that good or bad fishing can be determined by the level of the barometric pressure.

Barometric pressure is responsible for maintaining the buoyancy level of the ocean, which shuffles the fishes if changes occur.

 

Water Changes, Fish Changes

A balance of right water temperature, oxygen and light levels are what composes a perfect fish habitat. There are different affects of water temperature on fishes because the water is basically what determines the lifestyle of these aquatic life.

Fish feed in cold weather, being cold-blooded their metabolism slows and they tend to feed less. Fish will go after slower and smaller baits. They tend to stay to the top more because they like to follow moving food. All fish are more sluggish in the cold, so they follow slower trolling baits and bite less often.

 

5 HELPFUL TIPS FOR WINTER FISHING

 

  1. Equipment Check

One major part of this adventure is to make sure you have the equipment necessary for your trip. Ensure that everything is complete. Here is a basic list of fishing equipment that you should have:

  • Fishing Pole
  • Fishing Rod
  • Reel
  • Fishing Line
  • Fishing Hooks
  • Baits or Lures

 

Make sure you have all your gears ready and in good shape. To catch those fish you have to make sure that your equipment are still of high-quality. Check those reels and make sure they are not rusty and still works 100% fine. In general, make sure that you have all the fishing tools you need to catch yourself more than a handful of fish.

 

  1. Preparing the Right Bait

Carefully decide one or two to bring that will surely attract the fishes towards you. For the winter season there are two baits to prepare. One, light bait, this is when fishes decide to swim on shallow surface if ever the sun decides to cool the waters. Second, heavy bait, to catch the fishes that wander in the deeper part of the waters when there is no sun in sight.

 

  1. Pick the Perfect Location

During this time of the year the fishes migrate or relocate themselves to adapt to the change of weather and other water factors. Better be informed and research on locations that are best for fishing during the winter season. Make sure to dig in to details regarding water levels and current flow conditions. What you should keep in mind while looking for a perfect spot is the road accessibility and a calm or natural current flow of the lakes or rivers.

 

  1. Time is of the Essence

Choosing the right time for your fish outing is also important. As mentioned above, light and temperature levels are one of the things that makes a fish’s habitat. During the winter time, these two are somewhat difficult to measure. Keep on the lookout for days when the sun is up and shining and observe where does it shed its shine, because that is the best place for you to go. Usually during winter, the sun shines towards northern areas.

 

  1. Safety First!

In order to be prepared for your fishing trip make sure to tick things off from your safety list before proceeding. Wherever you plan to catch fishes, make sure to always bring your fishing license with you. This is to control and limit fishing in certain areas.

Do not forget to check for updates regarding the weather. Mother Nature plays a great game when it comes to weather changing. Therefore, it is safe to check information about the weather just to be sure.

Last, someone should have details of your whereabouts. If you plan on doing this alone or even with a friend, make sure to inform a family relative about your trip. It will be helpful that if ever bad things might occur someone could easily locate or find you.

 

Source: https://fishingsun.com/tips-for-winter-fishing/

Fishing is one of men’s hobbies. Teach a man how to fish and he’ll be healthy for life! Here are 10 health benefits of fishing below to learn why this classic hobby is also great way to improve mental and physical well-being.

Full Body Strength
Battling even a small fish calls engages the shoulders, back, arms, core, and legs in an excruciating workout. Fishing encourages sportsmen and women to train their body so that they have the strength when the time comes for the big catch.

Family Bonding
Fishing is a skill passed through the generations, with grandfathers taking the younger kids out to a familiar pond and instructing them how to hook a worm. Spending time with your family promotes feelings of security and well-being, making fishing a worthwile activity to learn.

Boosts Immune System
Vitamin D helps your body regulate the absorption of calcium and phosphorus, two minerals that improve immune system function and help defend against disease. The best source of vitamin D is a day outdoors under the sun.

Promotes Relaxation
Spending long hours in nature with a focused tast is akin to meditation, an activity linked to lowered blood pressure and decreased anxiety.

Improve Cardiovascular Health
Fishing burns an average of 200 calories an hour, depending on the kind of fishing you like to do. If you are walking around to test out different spots, recasting your line, and reeling in a fish, you’ll have put your heart and lungs to work.

Teaches Self-Reliance
Fishing puts you out in the wilderness and calls on you to master a variety of different skills. The more involved you get in the sport the more you’ll learn: from driving a boat to hunting down tackle. This improptu trouble shooting will spill over into your normal life.

Bestows Patience
Fishing puts your patience to practice. Unless you are extraordinarily lucky, you don’t just drop your line in a hook a fish. Some days you got home empty-handed. But persisting makes you a more patient person, accepting of defeat but unwilling to quit. M.J. Ryan, the author of “The Power of Patience”, explains that learning patience benefits health. Impatience causes stress, weakening your immune system and raising your blood pressure. Patience makes you calmer and more content.

Encourages Travel
Travel expands the mind and makes life more fulfilling. Fishers among the most accomplished travelers on the planet.

Enjoy The Great Outdoors
Fishing inpires a closer coonection with nature and all the creatures in it. Fisher are turned in to the harmonious ecosystems in coastal environtments. They know all about the different fish that live in the water, the insects they eat, and their predators. The exposure to fresh air, sun, and being on the water has numerous health benefits.

Improves Balance
Fishing requires some acrobatic maneuvers. Balance requires core strength and benefits flexibility, both of whch help offset backpain.

Source: http://www.healthfitnessrevolution.com/top-10-health-benefits-fishing/

Also known as the paiche or the piracucu, the Arapaima is an air-breathing fish that plies the rain forest rivers of South America’s Amazon Basin and nearby lakes and swamps. One of the world’s largest freshwater fish, these giants can reach 9 feet (2.75 meters)long and weigh up to 440 pounds (200 kilograms). They have a wide, scaly, gray body and a taperes head.

Though Arapaimas can stay underwater for 10 to 20 minutes, they tend to remain near te water’s surface, where they hunt and emerge often to breathe with a distinctive coughing noise. They survive mainly on fish but are known to occasionally grab birds close to the water’s surface.

The Arapaima’s proximity to the water’s surface make it vulnerable to human predators, who can easily target them with harpoons. Some indigenous communities consume the arapaima’s meat and tongue and collect its large scales, which are fashioned into jewelry and other items.

The Amazon’s seasonal floods have become part of the arapaima’s reproductive cycle. During low-water months (February to April) arapaimas construct bottom nests and females lay eggs. Young begin to hatch as rising water levels provide them with flood conditions in which to flourish. Adult males play an unusual reproductive role by incubating tens of thousands of eggs in their mouths, guarding them aggressively and moving them when necessary.

While this giant fish’s habitat is relatively unmolested, overfishing has become a serious problem, and some South American authorities have attempted to enact protections.

Source: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/freshwater/arapaima/

 

The trawls are cone-shaped net (made from two, four or more panels) which are towed, by one or two boats, on the bottom or in midwater (pelagic). The cone-shaped body ends in a bag or coded. The horizontal opening of the gear while it is towed is maintained by beams, otter boards or by the distance between the two towing vessels (pair trawling). Floats and weights and/or hydrodynamic devices provide for the vertical opening. Two parallel trawls might be rigged between two otter boards (twin trawls). The mesh size in the codend or special designed devices is used to regulate the size and species to be captured.

 

Trawl fishing can take place at shallow depths to extreme depths:

  • When the net is towed along the bottom of the ocean floor, it is called a “bottom trawl”. Bottom trawls are used to catch fish that live on or near the bottom of the ocean floor, such as cod, haddock, flounder, sole, rockfish, and orange roughy, as well as shrimp, octopus, and squid.
  • When towed off the bottom, it is called a “mid-water trawl” or “pelagic trawl”. Mid-water trawls are used to catch species that tend to gather in large groups or “schools” in the top or mid depths of the ocean, like Alaskan pollock, mackerel, herring, and sardines.

Trawls are highly indiscriminate, capturing any and all species in their path. They catch high amounts of species that fishermen are not trying to catch, termed ‘bycatch’. The unintended catch or bycatch may include many species of fish, invertebrates (such as crabs, scallops, starfish or corals), sharks, skates and rays, endangered sea turtles, and sometimes whales and dolphins. Fishermen often throw much of this unintended catch back to sea dead or dying.

Turtle excluder devices and bycatch reduction devices are two common types of gear modifications that are used in trawl fisheries to reduce bycatch. The idea of these devices is to provide a way for large or unwanted animals to escape, while still allowing for the capture of targeted species. Turtle excluder devices are fitted into the neck of the trawl and consist of a grid of bars plus an escape opening/door at either the top or bottom of the net. When a large animal like a turtle hits the bars, it is directed to the escape opening and is able to swim free. Small animals like shrimp and fish, however, pass through the bars to the bag of the net.

Bycatch reduction devices work similar to turtle excluder devices. For trawl fisheries targeting shrimp, these devices are designed to exclude fish, while still allowing shrimp to pass into the bag of the net. In trawl fisheries for fish, bycatch reduction devices are sometimes used to prevent the capture of a particular depleted species. When used properly, turtle excluder devices and bycatch reduction devices can significantly reduce the deaths of sea turtles and other unintended species. Although they don’t reduce bycatch completely, these devices are an important step in the right direction.

Of course, the best way to protect ocean habitats is to limit the areas where trawling is allowed to occur. It is particularly important that fishery managers prohibit trawling in habitats that are especially sensitive to trawl damage, such as coral reefs, sponges, and seagrass beds and in important fish habitats.

Source: http://safinacenter.org/2015/02/fishing-gear-101-trawls-bulldozers-ocean/

 

Fishing isn’t always a tough activity to engage in. Some fishermen would like to try and bag a “difficult” fish for the adrenaline. Others are not in for the rewards associated with catching a sought-after game fish. Fishing isn’t always a tough activity to engage in. Some fish don’t need any effort to tag, but the same cannot be said about these underwater monsters. These underwater beasts have been known to be evasive, speedy, scarce and even dangerous to tag.

Atlantic Blue Marlin

The Atlantic Blue Marlin tops the lst on the most difficult fish to catch and for good reasons. It combines a trio of massive size a fighting spirit, and rarity. The Atlantic Blue Marlin usually found in the Atlantic Ocean, so access to them is somewhat restricted. They are very evasive and hooking them always poses a serious challenge.
Catching the Blue Marlin isn’t for every angles. It requires a lot f patience and experience not forgetting proper gear and well-timed hook set as this fish have tough mouths. Once hooked, the Blue Marlin puts up a serious fight which can tumble a small boat whe they are being reeled in.

Sailfish

Sailfish lurks around ocean bottoms and are tough game to land. Their super speed makes them a challenging fish to catch. These magnificent fish are wuite abundant and can be easily hooked when feeding with either a squid or octopus bait. Sailfish are not just super-fast underwater dwellers, these saltwater fish puts up a fight when hooked. They have been known to leap and repeatedly dive in a fit while trying to break the line. You would need a lot of patience to reel them in as they can take up to several hours to land.

Muskellunge

Nicknamed the fish of 10,000 casts, this freshwater dweller doesn’t land easily. They also have a feeding pattern which is weird for a fish; this is because they wait till their food is digested before feeding again. The Muskellunge or Muskie is a rarely found fish and when found can pose a serious challenge to land. These fish don’t go down without a fight although they don’t have a lot of stamina to hold on like the sailfish. With weights reaching over 70 pounds, trophy muskellunge are some of the most difficult fish to catch.

Pacific Bluefin Tuna

The Pacific Bluefin Tuna is the king of Tunas. These ocean dwellers usually have a mammoth size and the stamina to give skilled anglers a run for their money. These underwater beasts can weigh up to 1000 pounds with outsretched length reaching 10 feet. The warm-blooded Pacific Bluefin Tuna have an almost streamlined body which makes them very fast evasive.
They are built with stamina to take on the most skilled anglers. The Bluefin Tuna put up a tough fight when they are reeled. Their large size, massive weight, and speed make them trophy species that only the skilled and determined anglers can catch.

Wahoo

This elongated fish is a speedster. Wahoo have a body built for speed and have been known to reach a speed of 50 miles per hour when on the move. Wahoo is mostly fished for sport due to the stress they bring in the catch. They use their fast speed to make a run for it usually going from 0 to 50 mph and covering several hundred of yards in just seconds.
Wahoo are not scarce, and their population isn’t dwindling. They can be found in warm temprate oceans. They are easily located near reefs and wrecks with plenty of smalles fish.

Source: https://lineandsight.com/5-difficult-fish-catch/